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Learning Log Week 7

Learning Log Week 7
[17 December 2010]
If clause or Condition Clause
   I have learning about If clause. It contains two important parts are main clause and if clause and 3 type
If Clause Type I  [Present ,Unreal ,Possible]
if +V1, modal verb[will/may/acn+V1]
Type I  indicates what will happen, provided that a certain situation is given.
Example: ถ้าขึ้นรถเมล์ไม่ทันเรียนรถแท็กซี่นะ
               If I the bus this afternoon, Iwill actsh a taxt.
               ถ้าฉันไม่เข้าใจการแปล 2 ฉันอาจจะสอบตก
               If I don't understand translation 2 course thoroughly, I fail it
               ถ้าหล่อนมาฉันจะไปที่นั้น
               If she comes, Iwill go there.
               ถ้าคุณเรียนหนักคุณก็จะสอบผ่าน
               If you study hard, You will pass an exam.
               ถ้าฉันเป็นทักษิณ ฉันจะไม่บินไปอเมริกา
               If I were Thasin, Iwould not fly to America.
If Clause Type II  [Present ,Unreal ,Impossible]
if + were,was[V2], would/cloud/might+ V2
Type II  indicates what could happen if a present situation were different.
Example: ไม่มีใครบอกฉันเลยว่าคุณเข้าโรงพยาบาล ถ้าฉันรู้ฉันคงไปเยี่ยมคุณแล้วละ
               Nobody told me that you were in hospital, If had known, I would have visited you.
If Clause Type III  [Past ,Unreal ,Possible]
if + had+V3, would/should/could/might+ V3
Type III  indicates what could have happened in the past if a situation had been different then.
Example: ถ้าหิมะตกที่กรุงเทพทุกคนคงจะตกใจ
              If snowing at Bangkok everyone will surprise.
              I have knowldge about
Learning Log Out class                 
Independent & Dependent Clauses                                     
Clauses          
   A clause is a group of related words.  A clause has both a subject and a predicate.  There are two types of clauses.
1.Independent Clause - A dependent clause is a clause that is lacking either a subject or an action, or does not express a complete thought.
A clause can be dependent because of the presence of a:    1.Marker Word (Before, after, because, since, in order to, although, though, whenever, wherever, whether, while, even though, even if,  
2.Conjunction (And, or, nor, but, yet)
Dependent clauses MUST be joined to another clause, in order to avoid creating a sentence fragment.
       *Because I forgot my homework.
       *This is a sentence fragment. We have a "because" but not a      "why" or anything accompanying and following what happened "because" they forgot
       *Because I forgot my homework, I got sent home. Here, the error is corrected. "I got sent home" is an independent clause. "I" is the subject, "got" is the verb, "sent home" is the object. A complete thought is expressed.

2. Dependent Clause -In independent clause is a clause that can stand on its own, by itself. It does not need to be joined to any other clauses, because it contains all the information necessary to be a complete sentences.
Independent clauses have three components:
      1.They have a subject- they tell the reader what the sentence is about
      2.They have an action or predicate- they tell the reader what the subject is doing
      3.They express a complete thought- something happened or was said.
      An independent clause can be as simple as a subject and a verb:
     1.Jim reads.
       *Jim is the subject. Reads is the action or verb. A complete thought was expressed- something was said, and the reader now knows that Jim likes to read.
  
      Independent clauses can also become more complex if we add subjects, objects, prepositions, and modifying
      1.Jim, who likes to read, read a book. Jim is the subject
      2."Who likes to read" is a prepositional phrase that modifies Jim
      3.Read is the action
      4.A book is the object
      Independent clauses can be quite complex, but the important thing to remember is that they stand on their own and make sense alone.
http://www.yourdictionary.com/grammar/grammar-rules-and-tips/independent-and-dependent-clauses.html

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